If you have hard water in your home, then chances are you have considered installing a whole house water softener. Before making your purchase, it's important to assess the best location for the appliance so that you can choose a model that fits into the ideal space.
Water Main Proximity
A whole house water softener needs to be placed near the main water line into the home. For this reason, it is often placed in the basement or the utility room, depending on the design of your home and where the water main enters. The reason for this is simple — the water main must feed into the softener so that all the water entering the home has the hard minerals and any other impurities removed before it gets into your pipes and taps. If your water main enters into a living area, such as the kitchen, then you may want to look at models that can fit inside a cabinet or closet if you don't want the appliance out in the open.
Although not necessary, a nearby drain will make water softening much simpler. Most softeners must undergo a regeneration cycle periodically, where the softening brine is rinsed out and the impurities and cleaning water are flushed from the system. On many systems this is a manual task, so having a drain nearby, such as one would find in a laundry or utility area, provides for easy disposal of this wastewater. For systems that automatically complete this cycle, you can have a drain line installed to route the wastewater to the nearest drain.
Water softeners are completely safe to operate in your home, so most safety concerns mean safety for the appliance, not for those in your household. For example, a water softener needs to be placed on a level area to ensure damage doesn't happen to the components and that the appliance is steady. You also must avoid placing a water softener too closely to a water heater, since any backflow from the heater and into the softener can damage the internal workings of your softener. Finally, make sure there is a nearby outlet of the proper amperage for your softener and that the outlet is on its own circuit breaker. This cuts down on the chances of a short causing damage to the softener.
Contact a water softener service for more help and advice.